We keep bees in Warre hive which is a French system inspired from the traditional skep beekeeping. The bees are provided with empty boxes and they self build their own natural combs. The native Irish black bees are selected and we take the surplus honey leaving plenty of stores for the winter. The honey combs are crushed and pressed which gives us a unique product. We keep around 15 colonies of Irish Black Bees, the native Irish subspecies of Apis mellifera mellifera Hibernica. To avoid varroa and competition, we put the hive by groups of 2 or 3 and we have 8 small apiaries scattered in prime locations where no tillage (oild seed rape or fodder beans) could affect the well being of the bees and the quality of our honey. The result has been amazing and in 2018 we had only 6% winter/spring losses without feeding/treatment/intrusive management practices. We lost 1 hive out of 16! Which is still too much when you consider than average losses of Black bees in the French conservatoire of Ouessant in Brittany is only 3%. A goal to aim for!